Decarbonisation is one of the pressing challenges in the built environment as the unprecedented growth of cities, particularly in Asia will continue to have a massive environmental impact. Planners, construction industries, governmental agencies and stakeholders will require new approaches to design and respective material choices to minimize the embodied carbon. Data and tools are fragmented and hardly allow for a holistic integration of knowledge in one platform as the digitalisation in the building industries is still at its infancy. One of the areas that is difficult to measure is the embodied carbon of a building in its planning process, indicated as Global Warming Potential (GWP in kg CO2-eq per kg of material). Most available Carbon Calculators depend on detailed data such as Building Integration Management (BIM) models that are usually only available in later design stages. Our research at SUTD has developed methods, mathematical models and mock-up computational tools that allow designers to make informed design decisions considering the environmental performance in early design and assessment stages. We have also established a framework for flexible building designs, since demographic changes put additional pressure on how we plan buildings for uncertain futures. Habitation patterns are continuously changing and unforeseen situations such as the 2020 pandemic demand the ability for quick adaptations.
Michael Budig is Assistant Professor in Architecture and Sustainable Design at SUTD and established the REAL Lab for Research in Renewable and Regenerative Architecture. His research focuses on renewable materials and regenerative architecture. It is driven by computational design and fabrication, and the desire to provide innovative solutions for the decarbonisation and digitalisation in the built environment. His research is exhibited at the International Architecture Exhibition at the Venice Architecture Biennale 2021 as part of the Singapore National Pavilion. He held academic positions at MIT, ETH Zurich / FCL Singapore, University of Applied Arts Vienna and University of Innsbruck, and he practiced as an architect and principal of Moll Budig Architecture, a multi-disciplinary office on architecture, urbanism, and design strategies in Austria.
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